The United States and the Philippines signed the Treaty of Manila on July 4, 1946, recognizing the independence of the Philippines. The United States established diplomatic relations with the Philippines on the same day when American Ambassador Paul V. McNutt presented his credentials.
U.S.-Philippines relations are founded on strong historical and cultural linkages and a shared commitment to democracy and human rights. The 1951 U.S.-Philippines Mutual Defense Treaty, which marks its 70th anniversary this year, formalized our robust security partnership, an alliance forged on the battlefield in World War II.
Strong people-to-people and economic ties form the bedrock of bilateral cooperation. We engage on these issues continuously, including through the U.S.-Philippine Bilateral Strategic Dialogue, a forum for forward planning across the spectrum of our relationship.
A multitude of programs aim to strengthen people-to-people ties between the United States and the Philippines, including the longest continuously-running Fulbright program in the world, the International Visitor Leadership Program, and the Young Southeast Asian Leaders Initiative. This year, we also mark the 60th anniversary of the U.S. Peace Corps volunteer program in the Philippines.
The United States is proud to be one of the largest economic partners of the Philippines, serving as the country’s third largest trading partner with a two-way trade of $16 billion and third largest source of net FDI inflows at $161 million in 2020. American firms are the largest electronics and semi-conductor exporters in the country and serve as some of the largest private employers. The American Chamber of Commerce in the Philippines has over 600 members and is one of the oldest business chambers in the world, with U.S. firms like Citibank, Ford, and Bank of America operating in the Philippines since the early 1900s.
There are more than four million U.S. citizens of Philippine ancestry in the United States, and more than 350,000 U.S. citizens in the Philippines, including a large number of United States military veterans.
The American Cemetery in Manila is the largest American military cemetery outside the United States, serving as the final resting place for over 17,000 U.S. and Philippine servicemen and women.
Assistance and Partnerships
Over the years, the United States has consistently partnered with the Philippines to create economic opportunities for both countries, bolster joint military capacity and readiness, and advance shared education and development goals. For example:
- As of June 2021, total U.S. government COVID-19 assistance to the Philippines amounted to nearly Php1.3 billion ($27 million). The United States is also the largest contributor to the COVAX vaccine facility with $2 billion of an eventual $4 billion commitment donated, of which the Philippines is a beneficiary. (Fact Sheet)
- The Philippines is by far the largest recipient of U.S. military assistance in the Indo-Pacific region. Since 2015, the United States has delivered more than Php36.9 billion ($771.7 million) worth of planes, ships, armored vehicles, small arms, and other military equipment and training to the Philippines. (More information)
- The United States, through the U.S. Agency for International Development, partners with the Philippines to drive inclusive economic growth, promote peace and stability, and build self-reliance by strengthening the Philippines’s ability to plan, finance and implement its own development solutions. Over the past 20 years alone, the United States has provided nearly Php228.8 billion ($4.5 billion) in total assistance. (https://www.usaid.gov/philippines).
U.S. Chiefs of Mission for the Philippines
To date, there have been 28 U.S. Chiefs of Mission since the establishment of diplomatic relations.
|Name||Title||Date of Assignment|
|Paul Vories McNutt||Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary||July 4, 1946–March 22, 1947|
|Emmet O’Neal||Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary||September 22, 1947–April 28, 1948|
|Myron Melvin Cowen||Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary||May 23, 1949–October 14, 1951|
|Raymond Ames Spruance||Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary||February 7, 1952–April 1, 1955|
|Homer Ferguson||Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary||April 12, 1955–March 23, 1956|
|Albert Frank Nufer||Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary||July 20, 1956–November 6, 1956|
|Charles Eustis Bohlen||Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary||June 4, 1957–October 15, 1959|
|John Dewey Hickerson||Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary||January 13, 1960–December 8, 1961|
|William Edwards Stevenson||Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary||February 5, 1962–June 14, 1964|
|William McCormick Blair Jr.||Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary||August 5, 1964–October 21, 1967|
|Gerhard Mennen Williams||Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary||June 17, 1968–April 7, 1969|
|Henry Alfred Byroade||Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary||August 29, 1969–May 25, 1973|
|William Healy Sullivan||Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary||August 6, 1973–April 26, 1977|
|David Dunlap Newsom||Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary||November 11, 1977–March 30, 1978|
|Richard William Murphy||Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary||June 8, 1978–August 10, 1981|
|Michael Hayden Armacost||Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary||March 12, 1982–April 18, 1984|
|Stephen Warren Bosworth||Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary||May 4, 1984–April 2, 1987|
|Nicholas Platt||Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary||August 27, 1987–July 20, 1991|
|Frank G. Wisner II||Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary||August 16, 1991–June 10, 1992|
|Richard H. Solomon||Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary||September 4, 1992–March 1, 1993|
|John Dimitri Negroponte||Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary||October 26, 1993–August 5, 1996|
|Thomas C. Hubbard||Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary||September 3, 1996–July 24, 2000|
|Michael E. Malinowski||Chargé d’Affaires, ad interim||July 2000–September 2001|
|Francis Joseph Ricciardone||Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary||May 15, 2002–April 1, 2005|
|Kristie Ann Kenney||Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary||March 22, 2006–July 28, 2009|
|Harry Keels Thomas Jr.||Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary||April 27, 2010–October 16, 2013|
|Philip S. Goldberg||Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary||December 2, 2013–October 28, 2016|
|Sung Y. Kim||Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary||December 6, 2016–October 4, 2020|
|John C. Law||Chargé d’Affaires, ad interim||October 5, 2020 – September 9, 2021|
|Heather Variava||Chargé d’Affaires, ad interim||September 10, 2021 – Present|